social media

STOP TELLING US WE'RE NOT GOOD ENOUGH

A local radio station has been touting all day about their contest that gives away free breast augmentation based on social media votes for “you and your best friend”—“breast friend”—courtesy of a cosmetic surgery clinic. As a child, adolescent, and adult psychiatrist, I’m here to tout fierce opposition to this contest.

I’m a feminist MD so I support women in making personal, informed decisions about their lives, including about abortion or going under the knife for breast augmentation. What I don’t support are the beauty and gender norms imposed on women by society, often patriarchy. And when a man’s voice proclaims to my teenagers and I on our morning commute how me and my best friend can win boob jobs based on how many likes we get on the radio station’s Instagram page, he’s really telling me that my friend and I are not good enough the way we are. Even if he doesn’t intend to send that message, it will be the lesson learned by some vulnerable people. It’s as if he’s telling your daughter, your sister, your niece, your mother, your student, your employee that she is not good enough the way she is.

Maybe I should thank the radio station and the cosmetic surgery clinic. I mean their degrading, damaging, misogynistic message will keep me in business. A majority of the young women and girls I treat are already scarred by social media comparisons, some of them rocked to core with how inadequate they feel every single time they scroll, and now you’re encouraging them to send in photos of themselves and their best friends so they can be judged online more than they already are. Only if they’re deemed worthy enough by a bunch of random people will they be qualified to get the look that is set forth by the western beauty myth.

But I will not thank you. I don’t want more business. I want a world where the young women and girls I treat will feel good enough just because they already are good enough. I want a world where women and girls will be encouraged to speak, disagree, earn, change policy, and be president. I want a world where my teenage daughter isn’t reduced to a body. I want a world where my teenage son isn’t bombarded with hyper-sexualized images and lyrics of women—and now, radio contest announcements that lure women to their very own best in show—that might train him to think of his future girlfriend as nothing more than an object were it not for the protective way my husband and I raise him.

I want a world where I can turn on the radio and no man will ever tell his listeners how women and girls can be better. Because here’s the truth—we already are.




Three Simple Rules That Can Have a Life-changing Impact on Kids and Teens

My teenager looked over my shoulder as I finished typing the first draft of this blog post. She proceeded to roll her eyes and mutter, “Ugh. This is our household.”

I smiled a satisfied smile to myself because, yes, this is our household.

Outside of my household, I’m a child and adolescent psychiatrist and I have the privilege of guiding young people through individual talk therapy to help them overcome mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, reactive attachment disorder, etc. Sometimes there are also complex family dynamics at play that require specific family interventions such as parent education or family therapy.

Over the years of doing individual child and adolescent talk therapy and family therapy, I’ve found that without a certain baseline, non-negotiable structure at home, therapy isn’t as effective or lasting. Because without this basic structure, it is that much more challenging to navigate the muddy waters of mental illness and that much more challenging to even begin to negotiate normal social, emotional, physical, and/or intellectual developmental tasks. Without limits and rules at home they may become even more entrenched in their mental illness. And a lack of boundaries doesn’t just affect youth with mental illness. It can negatively impact any young person.

So what is this baseline, non-negotiable structure I recommend? It’s three simple rules for children and adolescents that parents can enforce.

  1. Social media and screen time - 2 hours a day maximum, but less is better.

  2. Uninterrupted sleep time - 9-10 hours each night.

  3. Family meals - eat together as often as possible.

I apply these rules to my own tween and teen. I recommend the rules for all youth in general, as well as for the youth I treat. Let me give you a bit more detail on each rule.

Social Media and Screen Time

More studies are coming out about the detriment of social media and prolonged screen time. The bottom line is that excessive electronics isolates and prevents youth from learning about normal face-to-face interactions with people, which are an important part of development and happiness. The worst case scenario regarding isolation is that it is a risk factor for suicide. But being plugged in for two or more hours a day can also lead to a significant increase in suicide risk factors.

When youth have their heads buried in screens they are not self-reflecting or thinking independently. It’s not their fault that they want to stare at all the dazzling images and words on their screens. See youth do not have fully developed abstract thinking so they are more vulnerable than adults to being swayed by what flashes before their eyes. That’s also why they are more susceptible to peer pressure. So they see these fancy, filtered images and words and they may become convinced that they have to look and behave that way. They may think they have to get a certain amount of comments and likes to be worthy. They may engage in excessive texting or messaging that doesn’t allow them to learn the nuances of social communication (facial expressions, tones in voice, etc.). They may be vulnerable to online bullying. They may be constantly thinking they are missing out. They may live through their screens instead of in the moment. All of this can impair their ability to move through the normal stages of social, emotional, and intellectual development.

Incidentally, I quit social media. My tween and teen are not allowed to have social media. I figure I should practice what I preach, right?

Sleep

Poor sleep in youth can lead to negative outcomes such as struggles in school, car crashes, and/or depression. Numerous studies have shown that 9-10 hours of uninterrupted sleep is optimal for youth, especially teens because they are in an intense stage of physical, intellectual, and emotional growth.

It is helpful to remove all electronics from their bedroom at bedtime (except a good, old fashioned alarm clock) because teens will often surreptitiously use these devices in the middle of the night. They are not bad for doing this. Testing boundaries is part of normal teen development and it is up to parents to set and enforce the limits to help guide and teach them.

Most kids will not happily go to bed early, my kiddos included. They will most likely complain and fight it. They may also panic because they haven’t finished their homework. But in the long run, sleep is more important. Parents can rest assured that despite what their youth say, setting strict bedtimes helps with brain development and teaches youth to make more efficient use of their time. It may even bring up the issue of cutting back on extracurricular activities if there really isn’t enough time to get homework done. This raises another issue—that youth need time to be bored to help with their normal emotional and intellectual development. But that’s for another blog post.

Eating Meals As a Family

In this day and age of being overscheduled, I cannot overemphasize the importance of eating meals together as a family. I recommend decreasing youth activities if this will allow for more meals together. That’s how important it is. Eating meals together, especially dinners, teaches kids about face-to-face communication. It also can lead to better family relationships, improved nutrition and enjoyment of food, boosted grades and vocabulary, decreased depression and stress, increased ability to bounce back from bullying, improved overall mood, and fosters a positive outlook of the future.

As a side note, there is a trend in our society to eliminate more and more types of food from our diets. The science behind this “purer” eating is not crystal clear. There are many factors besides food that contribute to overall health and longevity.  Still, it is not uncommon for people who don’t have medical reasons for dietary restrictions to cut out all meat, gluten, dairy, sugar, etc. For adults, this is a personal choice and I’m not addressing that right now. But children and teens have different nutritional needs than adults and it can be dangerous for youth to be eating “pure,” “clean,” vegan, or some other restrictive diet unless they are properly monitored by a parent who can make sure they are getting enough calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals. Chronic lack of these nutrients can lead to medical problems and organ damage.

A typical example I see in my practice is the teen girl athlete who restricts her food intake and then doesn’t get enough calories to maintain her high activity level. She loses weight and stops having her period. Contrary to what some people think, it isn’t normal for a girl athlete to not have a regular menstrual cycle. Also parents need to be aware that restrictive diets can be a guise for eating disorders. In fact, "healthy," restrictive eating is the most common trigger for eating disorders in teens that present to my office. Eating disorders are complex and can have devastating consequences, including death.

If the family does not have long established exclusionary food preferences or practices (such as for religious or diagnosed medical reasons), I recommend that youth not be allowed to suddenly follow any restrictive diets. They can make up their own minds when they are eighteen but until then parents can protect them by normalizing inclusive, structured eating- regular meals and snacks, normal portions, preparing and offering a variety of foods, not making negative comments about certain foods, ingredients, or bodies. This makes it less likely that the youth will have disordered eating when they grow up. This makes it less likely that the youth will link food with control and self-worth. They will be more likely to grow up with the understanding that food is simply fuel and nourishment, not a means to happiness, and most certainly not who they are.